Research Note: f1r Letter Column

Thanks to Rich SantaColoma’s recent release of a pre-chemical photo of folio f1r, I’ve been able to add a bit more to the letter column file. This seems to be about it as far as what is visible.

f1r Letter Column

The letters for A and S match my Set 1 values for the labels.

Advertisements

Letter Columns on Folio f1r

I’ve studied the three letter columns on f1r off and on for some time, and here is a table of everything I’ve managed to tease out.

I note that the value of EVA d matches the one I found for Value Set 1, and that EVA e and EVA r matches their alternate values.

If anyone has found more and would like to work with me to add to this data, please feel free to contact me.

Letter Values Set 1

In my label work I have found there are three sets of values for the labels, but none work on the regular text.

Below are the values for what I have designated as Set 1. These were the first I had luck with on f68r3, and as can be seen, are not complete. Set 2 is completed, but Set 3 still has 5 values missing.

Note that “4o” can have a value of “AL”, the beginning of many star names, and that EVA iiin is “IUM”, a common Latin ending.

As has been determined by others, it is not a simple substitution. The multiple values for some letters follows Philip Neal’s work. My reasoning is: if the Voynich letters are interchangeable, the plaintext values should be as well. This raises the “degrees of freedom”, but I will address that later.

I have, at this writing, nearly 100 labels cracked. So far, star labels are star names, many archaic (as might be expected). On f67r2 the twelve words under the moons are country names, eight of which no longer exist.