The Comet of 1533

As I’ve shown in the past, f68r1 depicts the Great Comet of 1533 as it was seen on 18 July 1533.

Recently I questioned why it is there? What connection does it have with the central event of f68r3? Now I know.  On f68r3 the moon is shown in an astrological position of 07Taurus, and in conjunction with Almach, also at 07Taurus.

f67v1 is Tycho’s supernova of 1572, and f68v2 shows the framing stars. SN1572 was also at an astrological postion of 07Taurus.

Advancing the comet’s movements revealed it passed within 2° of the supernova’s position on 25 July 1533, and pointed at where it would appear. The accompanying picture from Starry Night shows the movement.

This was not a prediction, but evidence the Voynich was created at a later date.

Comet Connection 02


Graphical Timeline

The written file of my dates for the Astro folios is fine, but here they are laid out on a timeline for better presentation.

I think this is an example of “a picture is worth a thousand words”.

Voynich Timeline

The tightness of the date clustering surprised me too.

The 1533 comet may be within the Zodiac range, as it is within 76 years (1° of precession) of 1471.

Zodiac Section Theory

As I mentioned below, I recently had the idea that the stars with a tether in the Zodiac section might represent a comet’s path through the sign.

I think folio f68r2 shows the comet C/1490 Y1. It passed through Pisces in January of 1491, and its tail passed through Aries. There are 29 stars with tethers in the Pisces folio, along with 12 in Aries Dark and 4 in Aries Light.

I also think f67r1 shows a total solar eclipse in Pisces in 1485. In that case, if each nymph is 1° of the sign, the cans might indicate that the sun “covered up” the sign.

I uploaded to my MediaFire folder a file, Zodiac Section Nymph Overview, that lays out their characteristics.

New Paper

In the J.VS Library, some new files by me have been added:

The paper The Event Depicted on VMs Folio 68r1 presents evidence that the folio shows the Great Comet of 1533 as seen on 18 July.

Additionally there are two animated .gifs showing that the person drawn in the upper circle (the comet) might be Copernicus, who wrote a treatise about it. A third animated .gif shows that the person in the center of f67v1 might be Tycho Brahe.

Folio Interpretations

Below are my interpretations of the Astro Section folios (subject to change, of course):

f67r1  Total solar eclipse in Pisces seen in London  16 March 1485

f67r2  Astrological interpretation of f68r3

f67v1  Tycho’s supernova   Nov 1572 (anomalous)

f67v2  Planetary conjunctions seen from London

Upper left (triangle)  AM 30 Dec 1484

Upper right (square)  PM 15 May 1486

Lower right (checkmark)  PM 24 Jan 1494

Lower left (square in T-O Map)  AM 29 Nov 1483

f68r1    Great Comet 18 July 1533 2:00 AM London

f68r2    Comet C/1490 Y1  21 January 1491

f68r3    24 hours before the moon occludes the Pleiades, 7 Dec 1486 (date uncertain; this configuration happens ~9 times a century)

f68v1   Total solar eclipse16 March 1485  emphasizing the Moon’s role

f68v2   Total solar eclipse16 March 1485  drawing of the solar corona

f68v3   Diagram of how the Universe rotates around the earth

f69r      Interpretation of the Astrological Lunar Cycle related to f68r3

f69v     Not yet identified

f70r1    Not yet identified

f70r2    Total solar eclipse16 March 1485  related to the moon and solar corona

My Voynich Research

The article in Sky and Telescope magazine years ago is what alerted me to the existence of the VMs. I found it to be fascinating, and after several months of research joined the main email list. My 10th anniversary there is on 21 Dec 2012, so that will be to blame for the end of the world. : )

A few years ago I was invited to join the Journal of Voynich Studies, an online journal and library (link in the sidebar) with important research available. I felt honored to be taken seriously enough to get the invite.

My work was also mentioned in Kennedy and Churchill’s book The Voynich Manuscript. I even made the index! : )  However, what is there is outdated now.

The dating of the vellum a few years ago to 1404-1438 provides a lower limit  to the creation of the book, but does not preclude a later date.

I work primarily with the Astro/Cosmo section, and to a lesser extent the Zodiac and Recipes sections. (I agree with GC that the Recipes section is an Almanac, so I will be using that term from now on.)

It is my contention that the Astro section depicts real astronomical events, as well as astrological interpretations of them.

I have recently had the idea that the Zodiac section might be a detailed analysis of the events depicted. For example, If each nymph represents 1° of the sign, then the stars with tethers might represent a comet and where they appear together is the comet’s path through the sign. I haven’t yet started investigating this idea.