f68v3 Updated

Some new information about the meaning of the folio has come up, so the page for it (link above) has been updated.

This may be another aspect of the event shown on f68r3; the moon at an astrological position of 07Tau on 7 Dec 1486 and in conjunction with both Almach and the future postion of Tycho’s supernova (f67v1 and f68v2).

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New Finding for the d’Oresme-f68v3 Connection

Looking closely at the places where the spirals cut across the waves on f68v3, one can see that the waves are behind the spirals and only partially hidden.

Using Paint.NET I have drawn in the covered parts of the waves and counted them, adding a number to each wave. The result is 43 waves.

A number was added to each wave on the d’Oresme diagram. The result: 43 waves.

This makes the possibility of a coincidence rather remote.

 

f68v3 Nebula Numbered Waves

d'Oresme Numbered Waves

 

 

 

 

 

 

Here are the two overlaid:

 

f68v3 Numbered Waves Overlay

f68v2 Updated

I had thought that this folio might have been representative of Kepler’s 1604 supernova, but recent work on f67v1 has changed that. Now I think the two green stars, in relation to the central figure, point instead to Tycho’s 1572 supernova.

The green stars seem to be Gamma and Schedar, also green on f67v1.

The page for f68v2 (link above) has been replaced to reflect my new thinking. I have also added an astronomical chart with the diagram drawn on it.

Research Note: f67v1

Since the events of the Astro section happened in the Pisces/Aries/Taurus part of the sky, I wondered, if f67v1 is Tycho’s 1572 supernova, why it would be there since it happened in Cassiopeia.

After much searching online, I discovered the reason is its astrological position was 07 Taurus.

I think I have identified all of the stars on the folio, and discovered that all of the named stars are astrologically also in Taurus!

Here are the folio and a star chart from Starry Night for comparison:

Folio Stars

f67v1 Star Identifications

Having an astrological position, I checked to see if it is represented in the Zodiac section, and I think it is.

The folio order is Taurus Light, Taurus Dark, then Gemini, so the first 15 degrees of the sign would be on Taurus Light.

On other folios, the small square “start here” point is generally on the 10:00 position. The nymph at the top of the inner circle has a can with a unique design, so I think it is first.

Taurus Light Nova Position

The pattern is easy to see, and the nymph at the 7° position is holding a unique star, representing the supernova.

This may also indicate how to “read” the Zodiac folios.

Research Note: f68v3

Ellie Velinska pointed out a drawing in Nicole d’Oresme’s Livre du ciel et du Monde (1377) that looks very much like the “nebula” on f68v3.

The VMs is 23.5 x 16.2 cm, while the d’Oresme book is 27.5 x 19.0 cm.
I trimmed the excess and resized both the page and the folio so they’d match scale.

Overlaying the d’Oresme page, I had to enlarge it to 48.2 x 33.3 cm, or 2.0x the Voynich to match the sections.

The lines and circle and words in the middle T-O map match up, as well as the “waves” at the outer edge of the blue field with stars.

I conjecture some type of projection mechanism was used to copy from the book.

It’s hard to find the right transparency level so both drawings are visible, but sharpening the d’Oresme overlay makes the matches clear. This is a replacement for the first picture.

f68v3 Overlay 02For comparison, here are the two separate images, not scaled.

f68v3 Nebula d'Oresme Partial

Breakthrough?

This might be (read: probably is) premature, but I want to announce a possible partial translation of the text on f68r1 and r2.

I am not using my encoding/decoding method (see entry below), but the workaround I invented for my label work. By ‘workaround’ I mean a way to lay out the text and apply letter values according to the rules found by others without involving the method mechanics.

I assumed English is the language, used the Voy-101 transcription and started with two cribs on f68r1: COMET and MOON, chosen because they have letters in common and are likely to be there. I did indeed find places where they fit, and the next words to show up were OMEN and THE.
The workaround follows all of the following rules:
  • Claston’s letter frequency (i.e. Plaintext letter values are restricted to Voy letters of the same frequency level)
  • Neal’s letter substitutions and location restrictions
  • Roe’s letter order
  • Stolfi’s paradigm
  • All instances of the same Voy letter have the same plaintext value(s)

In addition, there is the rule used by the Author that is visible by the shading pattern of unused letters, that

  • in a given word, the most common value is used for all but one letter.

There are 44 words in the paragraph on f68r2. Of those 44, a valid (i.e. follows the rules) word was found for 40, or 91%. Of the remaining four, one is likely a proper name.

I have found that, generally speaking, the possibilities are limited to two or three valid words. This would explain the small vocabulary, as well as the repeated words.

For example, Line 3 word 1, EVA <tCheos>, can be either OMEGA or IMAGE, but nothing else.

EVA <or> can be DO, IN, NO, and ON, which would require four different English letters total. EVA <og> can be OF or IF.

To this point there is no indication that more than one sentence can be produced from the same Voy string. It was hard enough finding one for the two strings I have.

Rather than put the text up here, I have uploaded the two files to the MediaFire folder (link to the right) with the titles

F68r1 Paragraph Translation and F68r2 Paragraph Translation

Graphical Timeline

The written file of my dates for the Astro folios is fine, but here they are laid out on a timeline for better presentation.

I think this is an example of “a picture is worth a thousand words”.

Voynich Timeline

The tightness of the date clustering surprised me too.

The 1533 comet may be within the Zodiac range, as it is within 76 years (1° of precession) of 1471.