Tools Update

Okay, so I did the work and have added links to the freeware I use as a separate category.

In addition, I’m uploading to my MediaFire folder HP Calc, a Hewlett-Packard math program for Win 3.1 that has a very easy to use equation editor. I wish I could change that hideous green it has, though.

Also AnaGraph, a simple graphing program no longer available online (that I could find, anyway).

Actually, I’ve never used either of them in my VMs work, but they are very useful for a different hobby– Long Delayed Radio Echoes.

My Research Tools

The Voynich Manuscript folder on my desktop is divided into subfolders, one for each section. These contain subfolders for each folio, plus one for General Files.

Other folders are General Files, Folio Scans, Transcriptions, Papers, Uploads and Current Research Files.

I use MS Word 6, and Open Office 3 if I’m on my notebook.

WordFind 3.3 handles word lists, palandromes, and anagrams. Other lexicon files can be added, and it returns results in several optional formats.

For graphics file viewing I use IrfanView, which will handle just about any format, including .sid, which is the format for the high-res VMs scans.

For graphics creation I use Paint.NET, an art program that is simple to use, has lots of support, and many useful plugins.

For astronomy and astroarchaeology I have Starry Night Pro 4, long since superseded, but perfect for my work. It handles precession, as well as being able to add objects like comets and asteroids. It handles the 1582 calendar change by deleting those eleven days.

For astrology I use StarFisher 0.8. It’s not a subject I know much about, but since at the time of the VMs astronomy and astrology were the same science, it has proven to be useful on occasion. It does not address the calendar change, which makes the results confusing if I forget.

IrfanView, StarFisher, WordFind, Open Office and Paint.NET are all freeware. I don’t have links handy, but they are easily found.

Alphabet Note

Here is my version of the letter-set for the Voynich alphabet. The layout follows Mike Roe’s Generic Word.

As I will discuss later, the values turn out to be the 20-letter Latin alphabet, plus “k”. EVA q is a special case. The so-called ‘platform gallows’ are combined letter values, as are those with #15 and #16 attached.

I have also determined which ones might be used as numbers, but so far have not found any examples.

Zodiac Note

There’s been a lot of speculation and suggestions on why the Zodiac section starts with Pisces instead of Aries. If you look at the Zodiac Nymph Overview file I mentioned below, you notice there are more aspects (details? characteristics?) to the Pisces, Aries, and Taurus folios than any of the others. My idea is that it starts with Pisces simply because that sign is involved with the information shown (i.e. of interest to the Author) , and having it several folios away would be inconvenient.

I’m making modifications to the Nymph Overview file, and will replace the one there shortly. I’m adding another table with my ideas for the meanings.

Zodiac Section Theory

As I mentioned below, I recently had the idea that the stars with a tether in the Zodiac section might represent a comet’s path through the sign.

I think folio f68r2 shows the comet C/1490 Y1. It passed through Pisces in January of 1491, and its tail passed through Aries. There are 29 stars with tethers in the Pisces folio, along with 12 in Aries Dark and 4 in Aries Light.

I also think f67r1 shows a total solar eclipse in Pisces in 1485. In that case, if each nymph is 1° of the sign, the cans might indicate that the sun “covered up” the sign.

I uploaded to my MediaFire folder a file, Zodiac Section Nymph Overview, that lays out their characteristics.

New Paper

In the J.VS Library, some new files by me have been added:

The paper The Event Depicted on VMs Folio 68r1 presents evidence that the folio shows the Great Comet of 1533 as seen on 18 July.

Additionally there are two animated .gifs showing that the person drawn in the upper circle (the comet) might be Copernicus, who wrote a treatise about it. A third animated .gif shows that the person in the center of f67v1 might be Tycho Brahe.

File Availability

I’ve added to the sidebar a link to my MediaFire account so others can access the files I discuss here. There’s nothing in it right now, but expect that to change soon.

This is necessary since WordPress doesn’t appear to handle tables or other fonts well.

Gallows Humour

There isn’t much in the way of humor involving the VMs. I’ve seen a few cartoons and a parody of a Zodiac folio with Mickey Mouse in the center, but that’s about it.

So to change that situation, a couple of years ago I did a series of cartoons using the gallows letters as the protagonists. At the moment there are twelve, but more may be forthcoming, if I get inspired again.

These can also be found on the J.VS site, and my deviantART page. The link is above.

Folio Interpretations

Below are my interpretations of the Astro Section folios (subject to change, of course):

f67r1  Total solar eclipse in Pisces seen in London  16 March 1485

f67r2  Astrological interpretation of f68r3

f67v1  Tycho’s supernova   Nov 1572 (anomalous)

f67v2  Planetary conjunctions seen from London

Upper left (triangle)  AM 30 Dec 1484

Upper right (square)  PM 15 May 1486

Lower right (checkmark)  PM 24 Jan 1494

Lower left (square in T-O Map)  AM 29 Nov 1483

f68r1    Great Comet 18 July 1533 2:00 AM London

f68r2    Comet C/1490 Y1  21 January 1491

f68r3    24 hours before the moon occludes the Pleiades, 7 Dec 1486 (date uncertain; this configuration happens ~9 times a century)

f68v1   Total solar eclipse16 March 1485  emphasizing the Moon’s role

f68v2   Total solar eclipse16 March 1485  drawing of the solar corona

f68v3   Diagram of how the Universe rotates around the earth

f69r      Interpretation of the Astrological Lunar Cycle related to f68r3

f69v     Not yet identified

f70r1    Not yet identified

f70r2    Total solar eclipse16 March 1485  related to the moon and solar corona

My Voynich Research

The article in Sky and Telescope magazine years ago is what alerted me to the existence of the VMs. I found it to be fascinating, and after several months of research joined the main email list. My 10th anniversary there is on 21 Dec 2012, so that will be to blame for the end of the world. : )

A few years ago I was invited to join the Journal of Voynich Studies, an online journal and library (link in the sidebar) with important research available. I felt honored to be taken seriously enough to get the invite.

My work was also mentioned in Kennedy and Churchill’s book The Voynich Manuscript. I even made the index! : )  However, what is there is outdated now.

The dating of the vellum a few years ago to 1404-1438 provides a lower limit  to the creation of the book, but does not preclude a later date.

I work primarily with the Astro/Cosmo section, and to a lesser extent the Zodiac and Recipes sections. (I agree with GC that the Recipes section is an Almanac, so I will be using that term from now on.)

It is my contention that the Astro section depicts real astronomical events, as well as astrological interpretations of them.

I have recently had the idea that the Zodiac section might be a detailed analysis of the events depicted. For example, If each nymph represents 1° of the sign, then the stars with tethers might represent a comet and where they appear together is the comet’s path through the sign. I haven’t yet started investigating this idea.